Causes of death 2018
27 MAY 2019
According to the National Institute for Health Development's Causes of Death Register, 15,606 deaths were in Estonia last year, of which more than half were caused by diseases of circlatory system, followed by malignant neoplasms, injuries and poisoning.
Although the number of deaths increased by 164 compared to previous year, then the standardized mortality rate per 100,000 people decreased.
Of all the deaths, 7957 were caused by diseases of the circulatory system (3154 men and 4803 women). A year earlier it was 8005 people. The most common were ischaemic heart disease and hypertension, and cerebrovascular diseases.
The causes of death were followed by malignant neoplasms (3900 people). The most common was lung cancer.
821 people died due to injuries, traumas and poisoning, including 614 men and 207 women.
The number of deaths caused by the use of drugs decreased from 110 to 39 compared to 2017. The main reasons for the decline were the decrease in the availability of fentanyl in the Estonian drug market in 2018, the availability of the social program SÜTIK (socialization of addicts with the support) and the naloxone programme.
A total of 495 people died last year due to illnesses directly related to alcohol, including 113 women and 382 men, the most among people of 45–70 years old. A year before, 451 people died from alcohol abuse and intoxication.
Data is published in health statistics and health research database.
Statistics of tuberculosis 2018
16 MAY 2019
Overview of new cases, relapses and retreatment cases of tuberculosis in 2018 is published in Health Statistics and Health Research database. Preliminary data of treatment outcome of tuberculosis in 2018 is also available. In 2018, total of 147 cases of tuberculosis was registered in Estonia. In 2017, the number was 175.
The tuberculosis notification rate (new cases and retreatment cases) per 100,000 population was 11.1 and incidence rate (new cases) per 100 000 population was 9.2 in 2018.
Communicable diseases and immunization 2018
14 MAY 2019
New data for 2018 has been added to Health Statistics and Health Research Database from our collaboration partner Health Board – selected registered communicable diseases and immunization.
Hospitals' emergency department patients, 2018
15 MAY 2019
The data about emergency medical care of 2018 is published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.
The total number of patients who visited the Emergency Department (ED) increased by 4% in 2018 compared to 2017. The increase has occurred both among children as well as adults – 2.5% and 4%, respectively. In 2018, 492,312 persons turned to ED, i.e. an average of 1,350 persons a day.
In 2018, 19 hospitals provided emergency medical care. The number of emergency patients increased the most in general hospitals, by 8.5% compared to the previous year. In regional and central hospitals, the increase was smaller – 2.5% and 3%, respectively.
As in the previous years, patients turned to ED mostly themselves (73% of patients). One fifth of patients were brought to emergency care by ambulance car, 6% were referred from other medical institutions. The rest, about 2% of patients, were brought by the police, called back by ED if, for example, the patient's health condition had worsened, or a recurring procedure was needed, or hospital's own healthcare staff needed emergency care. The number of patients directed from other medical institutions or arrived in other ways decreased.
Most patients of emergency care were sent home after first aid (81%) and one fifth of patients remained in hospital.
Statistics of medicines and pharmacies 2018
09 MAY 2019
Statistics on consumption of medicines, prescriptions in general pharmacies (table RT01), pharmacies (table TTO50), pharmacies’ personnel (table THT030) and turnover of pharmacies (tables TK30, TK31) for 2018 compiled by the State Agency of Medicines have published in Health Statistics and Health Research Database.