The use of health care services by Estonians in Europe and the treatment of foreigners in Estonia decreased to some extent in 2019
26 MAY 2020
In 2019, health care providers from other European countries submitted bills for nearly 8.6 million euros to the Estonian Health Insurance Fund (EHIF) for the health care services of Estonian insured persons or Estonian pensioners and workers temporarily staying in the country. This amount was 14% less than in 2018. In this way, the medical bills were paid for more than 7,500 Estonian people a year (in 2018 it was over 8,700).
In the same time, more than 6,300 insured people from European countries used Estonian health care services, which was one tenth less than in 2018.
The EHIF's 2019 statistics on the use of health care services by Estonian insured persons in European countries and on the treatment of foreigners in Estonia were added to the Health Statistics and Health Research Database. It is worth noting that the statistics presented here do not include data provided under scheduled treatment or the "Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the application of patients' rights in cross-border healthcare".
The number of deaths continues to decline
25 MAY 2020
According to the Estonian Causes of Death Registry in the National Institute for Health Development, there were 15,198 deaths in Estonia last year, which is 408 less than a year earlier. The standardised mortality rate per 100,000 population decreased from 1,179 to 1,125.
Slightly over half of all deaths – 7,678 – were caused by diseases of the circulatory system, including 3,040 men and 4,638 women. The following causes of death were malignant neoplasms, in which 3,804 people died last year, and injuries and poisonings, which resulted in 786 deaths – 560 men and 226 women.
Data on causes of death are published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database. Statistics by people's last place of residence will be published in the near future.
Communicable diseases and immunization 2019
18 MAY 2020
New data for 2019 has been added to Health Statistics and Health Research Database from our collaboration partner Health Board – selected registered communicable diseases and immunization.
In 2019, 151 tuberculosis cases were registered in Estonia
19 MAY 2020
In 2019, 151 tuberculosis (TB) cases were registered in Estonia, 127 of them were new cases, 21 cases were relapses and 3 were retreatment cases, according to the statistics of the tuberculosis registry published today. For comparison, 147 cases of TB were registered in 2018 and 175 in 2017.
Of the patients, 103 were men and 48 were women. The oldest patient was 97 years old and the youngest was 1 year old.
The notification rate (new cases and retreatment cases) of tuberculosis per 100,000 people in 2019 was 11.4 and the incidence rate was 9.6.
In comparison with the countries of the European Union, the indicators of 2018 can be used: the average incidence rate of tuberculosis per 100,000 people was 10.2 in Europe and 11.1 in Estonia.
Estonia is becoming one of the countries with a low incidence of tuberculosis, the main problem is the high proportion of drug-resistant forms. In 2019, a total of 27 cases of multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB were registered, including 17 new cases of MDR-TB, which is 16% of new cases of culture positive pulmonary tuberculosis. This proportion is one of the highest in Europe.
Tuberculosis statistics are published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.
Emergency medical care in hospitals 2019
13 MAY 2020
In 2019, 19 hospitals provided emergency medical care. In 2019, 518,840 persons turned to Emergency Department (ED), i.e. an average of 1,422 persons a day. The total number of patients who visited the ED remained at the same level in 2019 compared to 2018. The number of emergency patients had increased in regional hospitals by 1.4% and decreased in central, general and local hospitals – 1.7% and 1% respectively. Most patients of emergency care were sent home after first aid (81%) and one fifth of patients remained in hospital (see figure).
As in the previous years, patients turned to ED mostly themselves (73.6% of patients). 19.2% of patients were brought to emergency care by ambulance car, 5.2% were referred from other medical institutions. The rest, about 2% of patients, were brought by the police, called back by ED if, for example, the patient's health condition had worsened, or a recurring procedure was needed, or hospital's own healthcare staff needed emergency care.
In 2019 the number of emergency patients who brought by an ambulance had increased by 1.6% compared to 2018. The number of patients who brought by an ambulance had increased in regional and central hospitals by 3.9% and 1.8% respectively and decreased in general and local hospitals by 2%.
The data about emergency medical care of 2019 is published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.