According to the Estonian Cancer Register, 8,783 new cancer cases were diagnosed in 2018, of which 4,462 were in men and 4,321 in women. The most common cases were non-melanoma of the skin, prostate cancer, colon and rectum cancer, and lung cancer (1281, 1145, 972, and 875 cases, respectively).
Prostate cancer, lung cancer and non-melanoma of the skin were the most common in men, breast cancer, non-melanoma of the skin, and colon and rectum cancer in women. The ten most common in both men and women included stomach and kidney cancer; colon and rectum, bladder, pancreas cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and liver cancer in men, and lung, corpus uteri, pancreas, skin melanoma and cervical cancer in women.
65 percent of new cancer cases were diagnosed in people 65 years or older age. In 2018, 38 malignant neoplasms were diagnosed in children aged 0–14 years.
Statistics on malignant neoplasms diagnosed in 2018 based on the data of the Estonian Cancer Register were added to the Health Statistics and Health Research Database, and the data for 2000–2017 was updated.